Difference between 10Base-T/100Base-TX/1000Base-T

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 Question by Ben Bova posted 12 Sep 2005
 Difference between 10Base-T/100Base-TX/1000Base-T
What are the differences between 10Base-T/100Base-TX/1000Base-T cable standards? What are the advantages/disadvantages from one to another?
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 Answer by Joseph Golan posted 12 Sep 2005
Dear Ben,

First of all these are not cable standards but are performance standards for 3 different levels of Ethernet systems.

The 10BaseT is for Ethernet at 10 Mbits/sec transmission

The 100BaseT or Fast Ethernet is for 100 Mbits/Sec (10 time the 10BaseT)

The 1000BaseT or Gigabit Ethernet is for 1,000 Mbits/Sec (10 times the 100BaseT and 100 time the 10BaseT)

As far as cable standards to support these

Category 3 - Max 10BaseT
Category 5 (Now superseded) - Max 100BaseT
Category 5e - 1000BaseT

Obviously Category 5e can also support 100BaseT & 10BaseT and category 5 can support 10BaseT.

All the categories of structured cabling are backward compatible.

Sincerely,
Joseph Golan, RCDD

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